Elementary Social Studies - Grade 2

In Social Studies, second graders explore the world around them with an emphasis on commerce, technology, culture, responsible citizenship, and geography.  Students are actively engaged in the learning process, conducting research, using geographic tools, and making real world connections to the content.


I.  Our Community at Work

  • Explain why people have to make economic choices about goods and services.
  • Explain the production process.
  • Explain how technology affects the way people live, work, and play.
  • Describe different types of markets.

II.  Responsible Citizens

  • Explain how rules and laws are made and necessary to maintain order and protect citizens.
  • Explain how democratic skills and attitudes are associated with being a responsible citizen. 
  • Explain how contributions and events are important to the American political system.
  • Describe the rights and responsibilities of being a participating member of the school and community. 

III.  The World and Me

  • Examine differences between past and present time.
  • Describe people, places, and artifacts of today and long ago.
  • Analyze elements of different cultures and how each meets their human needs and contributes to the community.
  • Explain that individuals and groups share and borrow from other cultures to form a community.
  • Analyze ways in which people interact.
  • Use geographic tools to locate and describe places on Earth.
  • Classify places and regions in an environment using geographic characteristics.
  • Explain how transportation and communication link places by the movement of people, goods, and ideas.
  • Explain how people modify, protect, and adapt to their environment. 


  • Draw maps of a room, your yard, and your neighborhood with your child.  Use direction words to discuss your maps.
  • Take your child with you to vote and explain how you make your choices.
  • Have a job your child is responsible for each day.
  • Talk about what school was like when you were young and when grandparents were young.
  • Take day trips to the Zoo, Gettysburg, Washington, D.C., Maryland Science Center, Walter's Art Gallery, B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore Aquarium, and Baltimore Museum of Art.  Use floor plans and maps during your trips.
  • Write in your journal after a trip and do follow-up reading/research as a family.
  • Talk about your work and why it is important.  Take your child to visit, if appropriate.